SpeakOut is Truthout's treasure chest for bloggy, quirky, personally reflective, or especially activism-focused pieces. SpeakOut articles represent the perspectives of their authors, and not those of Truthout.

Apr 05

Transformation of US Semiconductor Industry

By Apek Mulay, SpeakOut | News Analysis

Globalization led to the transformation of the entire US Semiconductor Industry from a few Independent Device Manufacturers (IDMs) to several fabless small businesses leading to new innovations in the Microelectronics business.

Deceptive "Free Trade" agreements have resulted in not just a transfer of manufacturing technology to China, but also in increased threats of counterfeit electronics entering into the US supply chain. This article explains how US National security may be impacted by the transfer of semiconductor manufacturing technology.

Following in the footsteps of the Employment Policies Institute, Tom Keane disregards my support for raising the minimum wage because I am a Marxist economist, associating me with the worst abuses of Soviet-style communism ("Red flags, not red-baiting, on wage petition," Op-ed, March 16). This is uninformed and unfair.

I call myself a Marxist-feminist-anti-racist-ecological economist to make my standpoint clear. I advocate grass-roots, peaceful change toward a market-based economy where everyone's needs are filled in a fair, sustainable, and democratic fashion. I advocate guaranteeing the basic human right to a job at a living wage. In my research and teaching, I practice thinking outside of the box of capitalism — in particular, supporting the emerging solidarity economy: economic practices and institutions based on cooperation and sharing, social responsibility, sustainability, and economic democracy, rather than on narrow materialistic self-interest, the profit motive, and the rule of the wealthy.

Apr 05

Economists Hit Back in the Minimum-Wage Wars

By Paul Zarembka and Julie Matthaei, The New York Times | Letter to the Editor

Last month, The New York Times published an article about the Employment Policies Institute, a nonprofit that has been aggressively campaigning against increasing the minimum wage.

Funded by the restaurant industry, a conservative foundation and unnamed others, the group has taken out full-page ads warning the public that increasing the minimum wage would worsen unemployment and poverty.

Beginning in primary school, American students learn about the inclusive nature of democracy, which promises that regardless of sex, creed, or religion, any United States citizen can become President. But how true is this teaching? Let us concede for the moment that an individual meets all the legal requirements to seek the nation's top office. What are the other factors that allow citizens to attain the presidency?

Utilizing the 18 presidents elected during the 20th and 21st centuries as guidelines, each one shared common characteristics in the areas of gender, education, college affiliation, political party, and government service. So, could the average American realistically become President of the United States? Here are five reasons that you will never sit in the Oval Office's big chair:

Errol Morris' documentary on former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, based on 33 hours of interviews with Donald Rumsfeld, is set to open in theaters on April 2. Morris has been on the interview circuit talking up the new flick, writing op-eds in the New York Times, and perpetuating the invisible wall of immunity around Rumsfeld and the others who violated human rights as part of the "war on terror" started by the Bush Administration.

On the Colbert Report Colbert claims that Morris was "gunning" for Rumsfeld. Morris does not deny being a "liberal", or that he was "probably biased." Morris, the concerned liberal, regrets that after 33 hours of interviewing Rumsfeld, he now knows less about why we went to war in Iraq than when Morris started the interview process.

Since there seems to be no end in sight to the distracted driving epidemic, those trying to curb this dangerous practice have to continue to come up with new ways to get drivers to put their phones down and focus on the road. There are all types of public service announcements that are supposed to change drivers' attitude toward texting and driving, in addition to the measures that authorities take to prevent it, such as distracted driving laws, that carry some pretty tough penalties, including heavy fines and a certain number of demerit points against a person's driver's license.

However, while these measures do help raise people's awareness about this issue, they don't seem to manage to eradicate this risky behavior completely. Distracted driving is still the leading cause of car crashes in the United States, with 28% of all car accidents attributed to it. This makes talking on a cell phone and texting a riskier behavior than speeding and drunk driving. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, about 1.6 million crashes a year involve a distracted driver.

On March 25, William Bugatti, a 43 year old human rights worker for Karapatan, one of the Philippines' main human rights organizations, was shot to death. He was the 12th activist killed so far this year. On March 15, Romeo Capalla, 65, chairperson of the Panay Fair Trade Center, was shot to death. On March 2 Freddie Ligiwi, his father and his brother Edie disappeared; they were found March 8 in a shallow grave. Freddie had been a member of Anakbayan, a left wing organization. Women have also been targeted in the killings. Elisa Lascona Tulid, 37, a land rights activist was killed October 19, 2013 in front of her husband and 4 year old daughter.

Extra-judicial killings in the Philippines have been going on since the beginning of the Gloria Macapagal-Arroya presidency which ran from 2001 to 2010. During her presidency, there were 1,206 extra-judicial killings. So far in the Aquino presidency, there have been 188 extra-judicial killings and dozens of forced disappearances.

Apr 04

Victims of the Occupation

By Budour Hassan, SpeakOut | News Analysis

Since the resumption of the US-brokered direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority on 29 July 2013, according to B'Tselem, the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories Israeli occupation forces have killed forty-seven Palestinians. Israel's latest killings took place in Jenin refugee camp in the occupied West Bank when the Israeli army raided the camp on Saturday morning and assassinated three Palestinian resistance fighters. Not only has Israel used the futile peace talks to continue killing Palestinians with impunity, it has also announced plans to construct 6,200 new settlement units since July 2013. According to a joint statement submitted by Palestinian human rights organisations to the United Nations Human Rights Council, the first four months of the resumed negotiations witnessed a 43% increase in house demolitions and a 74% increase in people displaced as compared to the same period in 2012.

What lies behind those numbers are the untold stories of the Palestinians murdered, displaced and regularly terrorized by the Israeli occupation with the complicity of the PA. Among Israel most recent victims are Moutaz Washaha from BirZeit and Saji Darwish from Beitin. What follows are interviews with the families of the two martyrs and accounts on their killings.

Apr 04

The Time of Our Lies - Howard Zinn

By Bianca Bagatourian, YouTube | Play Preview

The Time of Our Lives is a play written by Bianca Bagatourian that unravels through Howard Zinn's personal story as a young bombardier and how his life was shaped from there as well as examining the stories of other soldiers and the horrors of war. It speaks to Howard's message about how more peaceful solutions can be possible in these turbulent times. Above is a six-minute reading at La Mama Theater in NYC.

Watch a video preview of the play.

Urge the ending of war these days and you'll very quickly hear two words: "Hitler" and "Rwanda." While World War II killed some 70 million people, it's the killing of some 6 to 10 million (depending on who's included) that carries the name Holocaust. Never mind that the United States and its allies refused to help those people before the war or to halt the war to save them or to prioritize helping them when the war ended -- or even to refrain from letting the Pentagon hire some of their killers. Never mind that saving the Jews didn't become a purpose for WWII until long after the war was over. Propose eliminating war from the world and your ears will ring with the name that Hillary Clinton calls Vladimir Putin and that John Kerry calls Bashar al Assad.

Get past Hitler, and shouts of "We must prevent another Rwanda!" will stop you in your tracks, unless your education has overcome a nearly universal myth that runs as follows. In 1994, a bunch of irrational Africans in Rwanda developed a plan to eliminate a tribal minority and carried out their plan to the extent of slaughtering over a million people from that tribe -- for purely irrational motivations of tribal hatred. The U.S. government had been busy doing good deeds elsewhere and not paying enough attention until it was too late. The United Nations knew what was happening but refused to act, due to its being a large bureaucracy inhabited by weak-willed non-Americans. But, thanks to U.S. efforts, the criminals were prosecuted, refugees were allowed to return, and democracy and European enlightenment were brought belatedly to the dark valleys of Rwanda.