Guest Commentary (4871)
CASSIE KELLY OF ECOWATCH ON BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
batteries and fuel cells.The answer to powering our devices might have been hiding in our sushi all along. An international team of researchers has used seaweed to create a material that can enhance the performance of superconductors, lithium-ion
The team, from the U.S., the UK, China and Belgium, came up with the idea to mimic Murray's Law, which is a natural process within the structure of a plant's pores that pumps water or air throughout the plant to provide it energy. With Murray's law, the larger the pore, the less energy expended because the pressure is reduced, but it takes different variations in size to create a balancing act across the body of the plant and maximize energy potential. In seaweed's case, the plant has the perfect pore variation for regulating energy in real world applications.
"The introduction of the concept of Murray's Law to industrial processes could revolutionize the design of reactors with highly enhanced efficiency, minimum energy, time and raw material consumption for a sustainable future," said Bao-Lian Su, professor at the University of Cambridge and co-author of the research.
The scientists made the "Murray material" by embedding an extract of the seaweed into multiple layers of nano-fibers of zinc oxide, which created a hierarchy in the size of the pores. They believe the material can be used on rechargeable batteries, high performance gas sensing technology or even to decompose inorganic material in the oceans.
ECOWATCH FOR BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUTCHRIS MCDERMOTT OF
Article reprinted with permission from EcoWatch
The museum, owned by Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College, is located in Benham, a once thriving coal town portrayed in the 1976 Oscar-winning documentary Harlan County, USA.
The museum decided to move forward with the solar project after budget cuts pressured the college to reduce operating expenses.
"In the current economic times we're in, any way to save money is always appreciated and helpful," Brandon Robinson, museum communications director, said. "Especially when that's money we put back toward teaching our students.
PATRICIA JACKSON FOR BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
My childhood began in World War II, my teenage years framed by the Korean War and the Cold War. My friends and I grew up under fear fueled by McCarthyism and the threat of atom and hydrogen bombs. We learned in school to "duck and cover" as though nuclear fallout could be dissipated by a child's wooden desk. Our lives as young adults became enmeshed with the Vietnam War.
As a woman, I was not subject to the draft. My male friends were "called up" -- an attempt to equate military enlisting with that of a religious calling. I attended draft board hearings as a character witness for friends who objected to serving based on personal or religious beliefs. These often were not accepted. Friends fled to Canada, leaving us behind to protest the war. From growing up with wars as children to our activism protesting them, war dominated my generation's entire existence. A youth born in 2001 has lived an entire lifetime during the war on terror.
CASSIE KELLY OF ECOWATCH ON BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
Bureau of Land Management (BLM), which operates more than 200 million acres of public land, made a statement by [temporarily] changing the banner image on their website from a vast mountain range to a massive coal seam in Wyoming—staking an obvious claim in the Trump administration's campaign to bring coal and other industry jobs back to the U.S.This week, the
The [rotation came] just days after the president granted his entire salary since being in office, about $78,000, to the National Park Service, which is under the same umbrella as the BLM, both managed by the Department of the Interior. The Sierra Club was quick to point out that this sum was minuscule compared to the budget cuts Trump has proposed on the Interior, which will amount to a 12 percent slash in funding, or about $2 billion overall. [The coal seam image has now been rotated off.]
"If Donald Trump is actually interested in helping our parks, he should stop trying to slash their budgets to historically low levels," said Sierra Club executive director Michael Brune. "This publicity stunt is a sad consolation prize as Trump tries to stifle America's best idea."
The BLM manages streams and rivers, hiking trails, oil and gas fields, and coal mines. The shift from green mountains to dingy coal on their website might signify, therefore, that the little funding they have left will go to the latter. BLM spokesperson Jeff Krauss said, however, that the new image is simply part of an IT redesign, which allows for rotating photos of the many public lands BLM manages.
CARL POPE OF ECOWATCH ON BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
nerve gas sarin—suspected of being behind the appalling chemical weapon attack which occurred this week in Syria, provoking appropriate outrage from the administration. But EPA has just decided to allow the continued dousing of America's rural landscapes with a close cousin—a different chemical weapon.Chlorpyrifos belongs to the same family as the
Chlorpyrifos is one of the most frequently cited causes of farm-worker pesticide poisoning—but is particularly toxic to young children and the fetus. The pesticide has come across my email screens periodically for over a decade, as organizations like the Nature Resources Defense Council slogged forward, petitioning the EPA to implement a simple requirement of federal pesticide law: that any pesticide must be shown to be safe before use. In 2015 the agency said is intended to ban it—but didn't finalize the decision. Eventually, courts ordered EPA to make a final decision on the ban—and Pruitt decided to ignore the science.
He did not do so because he asserted that chlorpyrifos was safe; he simply said that there were uncertainties, and that in that situation farmers were entitled to continue to use the chemical, exposing farm workers, their children, surrounding communities and consumers of food sprayed with the chemical, to a pesticide whose safety is at best highly dubious—in quantities up to 14,000 times the safe level.
"We need to provide regulatory certainty to the thousands of American farms that rely on chlorpyrifos, while still protecting human health and the environment," Pruitt said—not the message you would expect to hear from a pediatrician if you asked him if you should give your kids foods laced with a potent neurotoxin that has been shown to damage their mental development.
JIM HIGHTOWER ON BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
The list of progressive innovations at the grassroots level goes on and on, dealing with one big, complex issue after another that small-minded, corporatist ideologues refuse to tackle (often under the "principle" that government — i.e., the public, i.e., you and me — shouldn't be involved). Not only should we, but we must, for our activism is the only hope of restoring America's democratic principles and uniting ethic of the common good.
For instance, homelessness, we're told by pious politicos, is impossible to cure, and so more and more cities are resorting to criminalizing people struggling to live on the streets. But wait, say proponents of a new way of thinking: Yes, some street people are addicts or mentally ill, but the vast majority are out there because they lost jobs, got hit with major medical bills, suffered family violence or had other personal crises. And, get this — they're homeless because they don't have a place to live! Until the 1980s, when Ronald Reagan reduced tax incentives for developers to create low-income homes, America didn't have mass homelessness. But now we're millions of units short of housing that hard-hit people and families can afford. So why not address the cause?
Follow me from downtown Austin, Texas, to the eastern edge of Travis County, turn onto Hog Eye Road and go a short distance where you'll come on a giant sign saying "WELCOME." It fronts an astounding success named Community First! Village — a 27-acre, master-planned community (as opposed to temporary shelters) for 250 chronically homeless people — about a fourth of Austin's street dwellers. It's the creation of a small non-profit group, Mobile Loaves and Fishes, that's richly rooted in the religious mission espoused in Jesus's "Sermon on the Mount," admonishing the faithful to serve the needy. Indeed, the village doesn't proselytize, it serves — by providing a welcoming community of, b, and for the very people who have previously been publicly disparaged, shoved out of sight, and denied even minimal human dignity.
KATHY KELLY FOR BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
Fifty years ago, Dr. Martin Luther King gave his boldest and perhaps most defining speech. It alienated liberal allies in the North and the Northern press, plus many in King's own civil rights movement, and prompted President Johnson to withdraw King's secret service detail. Exactlyone year later, forty-nine years ago on April 4, he was assassinated. He said, "As I have walked among the desperate, rejected, and angry young men, I have told them that Molotov cocktails and rifles would not solve their problems … Their questions hit home, and I knew that I could never again raise my voice against the violence of the oppressed in the ghettos without having first spoken clearly to the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today - my own government." It was his "Beyond Vietnam" speech.
Today, the 100th anniversary of the US entry into World War I, billed as "the war to end all wars," wars rage and conflict-fueled hunger crises have culminated in potential famines hitting almost simultaneously in Yemen, Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan.
BILL BERKOWITZ FOR BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
Gutting the government has been its primary raison d'être since its' founding in 1973, and not since the early days of the Reagan administration has it been closer to realizing that goal. The clatter you've been hearing since Election Day is the sound of Heritage Foundation staffers moving out of their lavish headquarters and marching over to Donald Trump's White House. Not only has the Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C.'s most influential right-wing think tank/propaganda mill, provided blueprints on all sorts of issues for the Trump administration, it was hyperactive during the transition, vetting candidates for administration positions and providing the critical list of potential conservative Supreme Court nominees. Now, it is providing loyal administration soldiers.
Once disenchanted by Trump, characterizing him as a big-government and left-wing sympathizing type of guy, Heritage, under the leadership of former South Carolina Senator Jim DeMint, has more than made peace with The Donald. Trump's taking on of Mike Pence as his vice president aided the process immensely.
During the transition, Heritage staffers became a "crucial conduit between Trump's orbit and the once-skeptical conservative leaders who ultimately helped get him elected," according to Politico's Katie Glueck.
ROBERT C. KOEHLER FOR BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
So maybe this is how the US demilitarizes, or the American public at least returns to the consciousness of the late '60s, when protests rocked the streets and people demanded an end to the savagery in Vietnam:
Donald Trump, the Fool in the Tarot deck, the harbinger of change, removes the political correctness and public relations sensitivity from US foreign policy and goes naked about conquering the world. Suddenly the US president is Julius Caesar (or maybe Caligula) with orange hair, hugging fellow tyrants, ramping up the military budget, decapitating social spending, bombing Fourth World civilians without restriction and making America great in the only way he can imagine: "fighting to win."
And Trump is so blatant he awakes the snoozing American conscience. And the awareness and the anger stirred into being become a movement, and the movement isn't mere protest over Trump's behavior but a deep and profound cry for atonement for the colonial conquest, the genocide and slavery, out of which this nation created itself, and a demand that we begin acknowledging it rather than feigning ignorance of it -- because the face of ignorance is the face of Trump -- and in this acknowledgement we begin to undo the armed insanity of its contemporary manifestation.
CASSIE KELLY OF ECOWATCH ON BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
Greenland's icy coastlines are withering away at a rapid pace. With ever rising temperatures in the region, scientists fear the glaciers may never grow back.
A team from Ohio State University discovered that about 20 years ago, melting on the island reached a tipping point. In this event, a layer of old snow called the firn, was frozen over and the ice sheet growth was stunted. This caused the new growth on the coastlines to halt. Combined with rising temperatures of the sea, the ice has been melting away in large sectors. At the rate it's going, the team said there will be a 1.5 inch increase in global sea level rise by 2100.
According to the study:
The find is important because it reveals exactly why the most vulnerable parts of Greenland ice are melting so quickly: the deep snow layer that normally captures coastal meltwater was filled to capacity in 1997. That layer of snow and meltwater has since frozen solid, so that all new meltwater flows over it and out to sea.
Though these findings are bad news, the researchers said there is no "immediate cause for panic." The Greenland Ice Sheet -- the second largest ice cache in the world -- is relatively intact. Associate professor at Ohio State, and co-author of the study Ian Howat, said the outer layers of ice contribute a small portion to the greater sheet, and that their melting may even be ephemeral, or seasonal to some degree.
ETHAN GOFFMAN FOR BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
For the good of the planet, and of the United States, the international community needs to put a carbon tariff on American exports now.
The Trump administration has announced that it is backing out of Obama's Clean Power Plan based largely on the mistaken belief that climate change is not happening. This makes it impossible to fulfill American commitments made in the Paris Climate Agreement signed in December 2016. As historically the largest contributor to climate change, and still the second-largest global polluter, and as the ostensible leader of the "free world," the United States has an obligation to ensure the future of the planet, a responsibility that the Trump administration is shattering.
There is little question that the results will be disastrous. Even under the Paris accords, global temperatures are still expected to rise 3°C above pre-industrial levels, three times what we have seen so far. The increase in natural disasters we've already seen is only the beginning. Understanding the need to do even more, the architects of the climate agreement called for regular meetings to toughen standards.
Contrarily, the worst effects of climate change -- which the Trump administration is pushing us toward -- will bring about 4°Cof warming, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The results will be irreversible, with extreme heat waves causing massive loss of life, complete disappearance of many glaciers, utter destruction of coral reefs, permanent flooding of coastal cities such as New Orleans, New York and Miami, and much, much more. The planet will simply be uninhabitable for humans, at least in the way we know it today.
KEVIN MARTIN AND REVEREND DR. HERBERT DAUGHTRY
Fifty years ago this April 4, a year to the day before he was murdered, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. called us to overcome the giant triplets plaguing our society -- racism, militarism and extreme materialism -- in his 'Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break the Silence' address at Riverside Church in Manhattan. In his speech, King decried our descent into a 'thing-oriented society.' One wonders what he would think of our current, thing-oriented president.
In the remarkable speech, co-written with the late Vincent Harding, King also exclaimed, '[a] nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death.' Unfortunately that is even more relevant today, as military spending consumes well over half the federal discretionary budget, and President Trump is advocating a nearly 10 percent, $54 billion increase, equivalent to the entire annual military budget of Russia, for the Pentagon and severe cuts to foreign aid, diplomacy, social and environmental programs.
BILL BERKOWITZ FOR BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
"The Mercers laid the groundwork for the Trump revolution. Irrefutably, when you look at donors during the past four years, they have had the single biggest impact of anybody, including the Kochs." -- Steve Bannon, Trump's chief strategist.
The publicity shy, Trump-supporting, secretive multi-billionaire hedge-fund tycoon Robert Mercer is a man you wouldn't recognize on the subway, in a supermarket check-out line, or be able to pick out of a line-up. Now, he is finally getting what he has avoided for years; the glare of the public spotlight. A rash of recent articles has unmasked the New York City-based hedge-fund phenomenon. And while Mercer is being reluctantly drawn out of the shadows, his daughter Rebekah, who chaired Mercer's super PAC, Make America Number 1, urged Trump to bring Bannon onto his campaign staff, and subsequently played an important role on Trump's transition team, may be getting over the family's aversion to the limelight.
ANTONY LOEWENSTEIN FOR BUZZFLASH AT TRUTHOUT
President Barack Obama's drug war legacy is paved with partially good intentions. It differed greatly between his domestic agenda and around the world. The former showed signs of bravery, challenging decades of draconian and counterproductive policy toward drug users and dealers, reducing the number of incarcerated men and women across the United States.
The latter, however, mostly continued failed ideas of the past and consisted of funding and arming some of the most repressive nations in the world, including Honduras and Mexico, worsening apocalyptic gang and drug violence. Many refugees fleeing to the US are a result of these White House directives.