US Moves On Iran
Friday 09 May 2003
Concerned that Iran may be running a nuclear weapons program, the United States is pushing for UN action against Tehran, diplomats said on Thursday.
Washington is specifically seeking a declaration from the board of the International Atomic Energy Agency that Iran has violated the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, which it has signed, said the diplomats.
The United States has accused Iran of secretly embarking on a program to enrich uranium at Natanz in southern Iran, which it fears could be used to make nuclear weapons.
They said US requests for support have gone out to Russia, France, Britain, Germany and other members of the 35-nation board - the key decision maker at the UN nuclear watchdog agency - ahead of its meeting next month.
Britain, Washington's closest European ally, suggested on Thursday it was receptive to US overtures for support.
"We share US concerns about the scale and scope of the Iranian nuclear program," said a spokeswoman for Britain's Foreign Office in London. "We'll be listening carefully to the (IAEA) director-general's report at the next board meeting. We will consider next steps in the light of that report."
Depending on its language, such a declaration could restrict itself to expressing concern about such a violation or increase pressure on Tehran to account for its activities by referring the issue to the Security Council.
That would strain already burdened US-Iranian relations that worsened last year after US President George Bush labelled Tehran part of an "axis of evil" for its alleged support of terrorism.
More recently, Tehran has said it would not recognise any US-installed government in Baghdad. And Washington signed a truce with the People's Mujahideen, which opposes Tehran's cleric-dominated government, allowing it to keep its weapons, although the Iraqi- based group is on the US State Department's terrorist list.
The nature of work at the Natanz site was not known until last year, and the diplomats, who spoke separately and on condition of anonymity, said Mohamed ElBaradei, director-general of the Vienna-based IAEA, was taken aback at what he saw on a visit to the facility in February.
"It's a sophisticated uranium-enrichment plant, and they had come a long way," said one diplomat familiar with the findings of the visit and the workings of the agency. "He was struck by the sophistication and the advanced stage of the project."
The diplomat said US officials "want the agency to produce a very critical report" at the board meeting.
Agency officials said it was too early to comment on the Iranian nuclear program and whether Tehran had violated the Nonproliferation Treaty.
"We are at the moment in the process of conducting inspections in Iran and of doing analysis at IAEA headquarters, and at this point we are reserving judgment about the nature of Iran's nuclear program," said spokeswoman Melissa Fleming.
Members of the US delegation to the IAEA declined comment. But a senior Western diplomat said other capitals would likely be receptive to US overtures for support at the board meeting.
He said he did not expect French, German and Russian displeasure over the US-led invasion of Iraq to blunt international concern about Iran's nuclear programs.
With Russia's nuclear cooperation with Iran also being criticised by Washington, however, it was unclear how willing Moscow would be to back a tough resolution.
The United States claims that the technology and expertise Iran is gaining from Russia's construction of the $US800 million ($1.26 billion) Bushehr nuclear power plant could be used for a weapons program, and that Russian companies - perhaps without official permission - have transferred weapons technology to Tehran.
Senior Russian officials said this week there was no evidence Iran was pursuing a nuclear weapons agenda, while acknowledging that Tehran had to show more transparency in its nuclear programs.
Seeking to counter the US push, a top Iranian official on Tuesday denied his country had a nuclear weapons program but told the IAEA Iran would not automatically submit to tougher inspections.
Iran's atomic energy chief, Gholamreza Aghazadeh, told the agency Iran's nuclear program was only for peaceful purposes, said a diplomat at a closed-door meeting attended by representatives of 135 member nations.
Iranian officials have said they have nothing to hide because their nuclear program is only meant to generate electricity.
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